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São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
Professor da EEFE-USP; Praticante e Pesquisador de Judô; Preparador físico de atletas de modalidades esportivas de combate.

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sábado, 18 de dezembro de 2010

Respostas fisiológicas e de desempenho a um torneio de luta

Eur J Appl Physiol. 2010 Dec 16. [Epub ahead of print]

Physiological and performance adaptations of elite Greco-Roman wrestlers during a one-day tournament.
Barbas I, Fatouros IG, Douroudos II, Chatzinikolaou A, Michailidis Y, Draganidis D, Jamurtas AZ, Nikolaidis MG, Parotsidis C, Theodorou AA, Katrabasas I, Margonis K, Papassotiriou I, Taxildaris K.
Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, Democritus University of Thrace, 69100, Komotini, Greece.

Abstract
The aim of this study was to determine the effects of a simulated one-day Greco-Roman wrestling tournament on selected performance and inflammatory status indices. Twelve competitive wrestlers (22.1 ± 1.3 years) completed five matches according to the official Olympic wrestling tournament regulations following a ~6% weight loss. Performance measurements, muscle damage assessment, and blood sampling were performed before and following each match. Performance and inflammatory markers were not affected by weight loss. Mean wrestling heart rate reached ~85% of maximal and lactate concentration exceeded 17 mM. Fatigue rating demonstrated a progressive rise (P < 0.05) throughout the tournament, peaking in match 4. Performance demonstrated a progressive deterioration (P < 0.05) throughout the tournament, especially in the last two matches (P < 0.05), with upper-body measures exhibiting a greater decline (P < 0.05) and remaining below baseline (P < 0.05) until the end of the tournament. Muscle damage markers increased during the course of the tournament with upper limbs affected more. Creatine kinase activity, CRP levels, IL-6 concentration, and leukocyte counts increased (P < 0.05) progressively throughout the tournament, peaking in the last two matches. Cortisol, epinephrine and norepinephrine increased (P < 0.05) after each match, but testosterone declined (P < 0.05) progressively, reaching a nadir before the last match. This inflammatory response was accompanied by a marked increase (p < 0.05) in lipid peroxidation, protein oxidation, and antioxidant status markers indicating the development of oxidative stress. These results suggest that a one-day wrestling tournament may induce significant physiological demands on wrestlers that may adversely affect their performance and inflammatory status especially during the later stages of the tournament.

Um comentário:

  1. Prof Emerson! Veja a importância em disseminar informações acerca da preparação de atletas e praticantes de L/AM/MC, afim de evitar treinamentos como esse...

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q75uPQrP-do&feature=player_embedded

    Seria cômico se não fosse trágico!!

    Abraço

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