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São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
Professor da EEFE-USP; Praticante e Pesquisador de Judô; Preparador físico de atletas de modalidades esportivas de combate.

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sexta-feira, 18 de fevereiro de 2011

Perda de peso e uso de suplementos em atletas de luta

Dica do Fabrício:
Sports Med Arthrosc Rehabil Ther Technol. 2011 Feb 12;3(1):4. [Epub ahead of print]
Patterns of weight loss and supplement consumption of male wrestlers in Tehran.
Kordi R, Ziaee V, Rostami M, Wallace WA.
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the weight loss behavior of male wrestlers in Tehran.
METHODS: This study was a population-based cross sectional survey. Subjects were 436 wrestlers randomly selected from the wrestling clubs in Tehran employing cluster sample setting method. Subjects were interviewed based on a designed questionnaire. Body fat levels were measured based on skin fold measurements.
RESULTS: Weight loss methods practiced by 62% of all subjects during the previous year employing rapid ([less than or equal to]7days before the matches) and gradual (>7 days before the matches) weight reduction methods (73% and 34% of wrestlers who reduced their weight respectively). In addition, opinions on weight reduction, the methods of weight loss used, and the side effects of the weight loss practices as well as consumption of supplements among the subjects were reported in this study. The mean percentage of body fat of subjects was 15.9%.
CONCLUSIONS: Rapid weight loss for matches and the use of unsafe methods of weight reduction such as fasting, and fluid reduction methods as well as acute side effects of weight loss were prevalent among wrestlers in Tehran. Some preventive measures including education and new rules such as scheduling weigh-ins immediately prior to the competitions and mat-side weigh-in are needed to prevent these unhealthy practices. The weight loss behaviors of these wrestlers should be changed from using dehydration methods to using gradual methods of weight loss.

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