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São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
Professor da EEFE-USP; Praticante e Pesquisador de Judô; Preparador físico de atletas de modalidades esportivas de combate.

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domingo, 15 de maio de 2011

Artigo sobre estrutura temporal e desenvolvimento de ações durante a luta de MMA

Perceptual and Motor Skills: Volume 112, Issue , pp. 639-648.

doi: 10.2466/05.25.PMS.112.2.639-648

A REVIEW OF TIME-MOTION ANALYSIS AND COMBAT DEVELOPMENT IN MIXED MARTIAL ARTS MATCHES AT REGIONAL LEVEL TOURNAMENTS1

FABRÍCIO BOSCOLO DEL VECCHIO
Superior School of Physical Education Federal University of Pelotas, Brazil

SÉRGIO MASASHI HIRATA
Metrocamp-Veris Educacional, Brazil

EMERSON FRANCHINI
School of Physical Education and Sport University of São Paulo, Brazil

Summary
Mixed martial arts (MMA) have become a fast-growing worldwide expansion of martial arts competition, requiring high level of skill, physical conditioning, and strategy, and involving a synthesis of combat while standing or on the ground. This study quantified the effort-pause ratio (EP), and classified effort segments of stand-up or groundwork development to identify the number of actions performed per round in MMA matches. 52 MMA athletes participated in the study (M age = 24 yr., SD = 5; average experience in MMA = 5 yr., SD = 3). A one-way analysis of variance with repeated measurements was conducted to compare the type of action across the rounds. A chi-squared test was applied across the percentages to compare proportions of different events. Only one significant difference (p <.05) was observed among rounds: time in groundwork of low intensity was longer in the second compared to the third round. When the interval between rounds was not considered, the EP ratio (between high-intensity effort to low-intensity effort plus pauses) was 1:2 to 1:4. This ratio is between ratios typical for judo, wrestling, karate, and taekwondo and reflects the combination of ground and standup techniques. Most of the matches ended in the third round, involving high-intensity actions, predominantly executed during groundwork combat.

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