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São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
Professor da EEFE-USP; Praticante e Pesquisador de Judô; Preparador físico de atletas de modalidades esportivas de combate.

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sábado, 24 de setembro de 2011

Hidratação em atletas de judô adolescentes

Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2011 Aug 30. [Epub ahead of print]


Hydration Status in Adolescent Judo Athletes Before and After Training in the Heat.

Rivera-Brown AM, De Félix-Dávila RA.

Center for Sports Health and Exercise Sciences at the Albergue Olímpico, Department of Physical Medicine, Rehabilitation and Sports Medicine, University of Puerto Rico School of Medicine, San Juan, Puerto Rico.

Abstract
Adolescent judo athletes that train in tropical climates may be in a persistent state of dehydration because they frequently restrict fluids during daily training sessions to maintain or reduce their body weight and are not given enough opportunities to drink.
PURPOSE: Determine the body hydration status of adolescent judo athletes before (PRE), immediately after (POST), and 24 hours after (24H) a training session and document sweat Na+ loss and symptoms of dehydration.
METHODS: Body mass and urine color and specific gravity (USG) were measured PRE, POST, and 24H after a training session in a high heat stress environment (29.5 ± 1.0°C; 77.7 ± 6.1% RH) in 24 adolescent athletes. Sweat sodium loss was also determined. A comparison was made between mid pubertal (MP) and late pubertal (LP) subjects.
RESULTS: The majority of the subjects started training with a significant level of dehydration. During the training session, MP subjects lost 1.3 ± 0.8% of their pre-training body mass while LP subjects lost 1.9 ± 0.5% (P < 0.05). Sweat sodium concentration was 44.5 ± 23.3 mmol/L. Fluid intake from a water fountain was minimal. Subjects reported symptoms of dehydration during the session which in some cases persisted throughout the night and the next day. The 24H USG was 1.028 ± 0.004 and 1.027 ± 0.005 g/ml for MP and LP, respectively.
CONCLUSIONS: Adolescent judo athletes arrive to practice with a fluid deficit, do not drink enough during training, and experience symptoms of dehydration which may compromise the quality of training and general well being.

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