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São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
Professor da EEFE-USP; Praticante e Pesquisador de Judô; Preparador físico de atletas de modalidades esportivas de combate.

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sexta-feira, 18 de maio de 2012

Estrutura temporal no TKD (13-14 anos)

J Strength Cond Res. 2012 May 15. [Epub ahead of print]

Time Motion Analysis of Youth Olympic Taekwondo Combats.

Francesco T, Laura C, Salvatore C, Carlo M, Antonio T.

1Department of Human Movement and Sport Sciences, University of Rome "Foro Italico", Italy 2Italian Taekwondo Federation, Rome, Italy 3Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Magna Graecia, Catanzaro, Italy Mailing address: Antonio Tessitore, University of Rome "Foro Italico", P.za L. De Bosis, 15, 00135 Rome, Italy, Phone: Int+39 0636733250, Fax: Int+39 0636733330. E-Mail: antonio.tessitore@uniroma4.it.

ABSTRACT:: This study aimed to analyze the time-motion structure of combat phases (fighting: F; non-fighting: NF; and stoppage; ST) during semi-final and final matches (three 1.5-min rounds, with 1-min rest in between) of the 2010 Italian Taekwondo Cadet (age 13-14 years) Championship (males, n=40; females, n=28) in relation to gender (males and females) and grouped weight division (light, middle, and heavy) of athletes. Regardless of gender, grouped weight division, round, and tournament stage, differences (p<0.001, ES range: 1.92-3.02) emerged for frequency of occurrence of combat phases (F: 42.4 ± 0.5%; NF: 44.5 ± 0.7%; ST: 13.1 ± 0.9%) and their mean duration (F: 2.8 ± 1.0 s; NF: 6.5 ± 1.8 s; ST: 13.7 ± 5.0 s). A 1:2 F to NF ratio was found, whereas a 1:3 ratio emerged when F was considered in relation to the sum of NF and ST. During F, 5±1 tactical movements and 4±1 technical exchanges were performed, lasting 0.6±0.1s and 0.7±0.1s, respectively. These findings mirrored the intermittent nature of youth combat, characterized by a high occurrence of tactical movements and technical exchanges during F. The lack of differences for round and tournament stages indicates a limited tactical capability of young athletes in adopting specific match strategies, independently from gender and weight divisions of the athletes. To prepare young athletes to handle the technical-tactical demands of the match, coaches could include 7-9 circuit stations of specific TKD sequences of attack and counter attack techniques.

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