Grupo credenciado pela EEFE-USP em 2006. Participantes com (1) publicações de livros e artigos em periódicos nacionais e internacionais; (2) atuação na iniciação às modalidades ou com a preparação de atletas de diversos níveis. No 1o semestre de 2013, o foco central do grupo está direcionado para a conclusão de alguns projetos iniciados em 2012, bem como com o início da coleta de dados de alguns projetos de pesquisa.
a Department of Kinesiology, KU Leuven, Tervuursevest 101, Heverlee, Leuven 3001, Belgium b Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium c Institute for Media Studies, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
This experiment tested whether the conformism observed among panels of judges in aesthetic sports also occurs among judges in judo. Similar to aesthetic sports, judo judging relies upon a form of open feedback. However, in judo, this system is reactive (i.e. two judges have to publicly 'correct' the score given by the higher-status referee), whereas it is active in aesthetic sports (i.e. judges with equal status report their score simultaneously and can use the feedback about the scores of their colleagues for evaluating later performances). In order to test whether such reactive open-feedback system leads to conformism among judges in judo, we designed an experiment in which this feedback was manipulated. Participants were 20 certified Flemish judges, who had to score two sets of 11 ambiguous video sequences that are used during formation and training of judo judges: one set with feedback about the referee's score and one set without feedback. The results revealed that when participants knew the referee's score, their scores were significantly more in line with this score than when they did not know this score. More specifically, for both sets of sequences at least 10% less deviations from the referee were observed when participants were given feedback about the score of the referee. These results suggest that preventable conformism can occur in typical judo judging, that is with reactive open feedback.