Interventions Shown to Aid Executive Function Development in Children 4 to 12 Years Old Science 333, 959 (2011);
Adele Diamond1* and Kathleen Lee1
To be successful takes creativity, flexibility, self-control, and discipline. Central to all those are executive functions, including mentally playing with ideas, giving a considered rather than animpulsive response, and staying focused. Diverse activities have been shown to improve children’s executive functions: computerized training, noncomputerized games, aerobics, martial arts, yoga,mindfulness, and school curricula. All successful programs involve repeated practice and progressively increase the challenge to executive functions. Children with worse executive functions benefit most from these activities; thus, early executive-function training may avert widening
achievement gaps later. To improve executive functions, focusing narrowly on them may not be as effective as also addressing emotional and social development (as do curricula that improve executive functions) and physical development (shown by positive effects of aerobics, martial arts, and yoga).
E AQUI A CRÍTICA DE PESQUISADORES MAIS PRUDENTES
Martial Arts Research: Prudent Skepticism
Martial Arts Research: Weak Evidence
21 OCTOBER 2011 VOL 334 SCIENCE
fica o desafio da condução de um estudo bem controlado sobre os reais benefícios dessas atividades para crianças e adolescentes...
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2010) 9, 528-537
Received: 20 May 2010 / Accepted: 06 August 2010 / Published (online): 01 December 2010
The social-psychological outcomes of martial arts practise among youth: A review
Jikkemien Vertonghen and Marc Theeboom Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium
Martial arts involvement among the youth has been described in controversial terms. Studies regarding the effects of martial arts practise on youth show contrasting images. While some refer to enhanced personal and social opportunities for those that participate, others warn against increased levels of aggressiveness and antisocial behavior among its participants. The aim of the present review is to provide, firstly, an overview of the major findings of studies concerning the social-psychological outcomes of martial arts practise. Secondly, the limitations of those studies are discussed. From more than 350 papers, collected during a two-year lasting literature study, 27 papers met all criteria to be included in this study. This review revealed that even though a considerable amount of research on socialpsychological outcomes of martial arts practise has been conducted over the years, to date, it has not brought clarity in the
existing duality regarding the possible effects of martial arts involvement. It is proposed that a better understanding can be provided if specific influential factors are taken into account in future research (i.e., participants’ characteristics, type of guidance, social context and structural qualities of the sport)
Judo for Children and Adolescents: Benefits of Combat Sports Strength and Conditioning Journal (edição especial de dez de 2011, p.60-63)
David H. Fukuda, MS,1 Jeffrey R. Stout, PhD,1 Patrick M. Burris, BA,2 and Robert S. Fukuda, BS3
1Metabolic and Body Composition Laboratory, Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma; 2USA Judo, USA Stars Foundation, Moore, Oklahoma; and 3United States Judo Federation, Western Idaho Judo Institute, Fruitland, Idaho
JUDO TRAINING IS AN INTERMITTENT METABOLICALLY DEMANDING ACTIVITY THAT HAS HISTORICALLY BEEN CONNECTED TO PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND DEVELOPMENT. THE HEALTH IMPACT OF PRACTICING THIS OLYMPIC SPORT AND MARTIAL ART HIGHLIGHTS THE BENEFITS OF COMBAT SPORTS FOR CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS. VARIOUS PHYSIOLOGICAL IMPROVEMENTS, INCLUDING THOSE IN THE AREAS OF BODY COMPOSITION, STRENGTH, AND ENDURANCE, AS WELL AS ENHANCED COGNITIVE PERFORMANCE AND LIFE SATISFACTION HAVE SHOWN TO RESULT FROM PARTICIPATION IN JUDO BY YOUNG PEOPLE.